Determined to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, in accordance with their obligations under the Charter of the United Nations, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen secular peace; As soon as World War II ended, U.S. officials tried to give Pan-Americanism a new form. They began with a provisional alliance without Argentina, which was signed in March 1945 in Chapultepec, Mexico. Signatories make sure to consult each other in the event of aggression or threat of aggression. At the Inter-American Conference “for the Maintenance of Peace and Heisan Security” in Rio de Janeiro (15 to 2 August 2, 2) September 1947), the twenty-one republics (with the exception of Nicaragua, which was absent) signed a treaty of mutual inter-American aid which contained essentially the same provisions as the Pact of Chapultepec. Sanctions could be decided collectively against aggressors. Finally, on April 30, 1948, the Charter of the Organization of American States was signed, making the Pan American Union a regional organization within the framework of the United Nations. The United States did not ratify the Charter until June 1951. Despite their innovative elements, these alliances invariably fell into the traditional perspective of the Monroe Doctrine. The same was not true for later alliances. . new peace treaty signed in Paris on February 10, 1947, which re-established the borders of Trianon with a correction in favor of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. He imposed a $300 million reparations law on Hungary and cured its armed forces.
The implementation of the provisions of the Treaty should. Peace arrangements were implemented by the victors and not negotiated and have since been criticized as the basis for future conflicts. In fact, the conditions imposed on the defeated powers were not excessively harsh, but the treaties contained many compromise solutions to difficult issues. As a result, their long-term success was limited, but they did not make World War II inevitable in itself. Aware that their peoples have been living together in peace since 1945; The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, is the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of that war and the creation of the United Nations, the international community pledged never again to allow atrocities like those of that conflict. World leaders have decided to complement the Charter of the United Nations with a roadmap to guarantee the rights of every individual everywhere. The document they were considering, which would later become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was taken up at the first session of the General Assembly in 1946. .